Luoma, S. (2010). Assessing speaking. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.
摘要：Speaking is a central yet complex area of language acquisition. The assessment of this crucial skill is equally complex. This book takes teachers and language testers through the research on the assessment of speaking as well as through current tests of speaking. The book then guides language testers through the stages of test tasks, rating practices and design.
2 The nature of speaking
3 Speaking tasks
4 Speaking scales
5 Theoretical models
6 Developing test specifications
7 Developing speaking tasks
8 Ensuring a reliable and valid speaking assessment