Talbot, M. (2010). Language and gender (2nd Ed.). Cambridge: Polity Press.
摘要：This new edition of Language and Gender has been thoroughly revised and updated, including the addition of entirely new chapters that explore recent work in the field. A range of approaches is covered at an introductory level, presenting sometimes difficult and complex issues in an understandable way. Every chapter concludes with a list of recommended readings so that each topic can be taken further. Like the first edition, it will be popular with students for its accessibility and with teachers for the range and depth it achieves in a single volume.
As in the first edition, the book is organised into three parts. An introductory section provides preliminary grounding in early ‘classic' studies in the field. In the second section, Talbot examines the language used by women and men in a variety of speech situation and genres. She addresses a range of issues and problems, including the difficulties arising from accounting for gender differences in terms of dichotomies like public vs private and informational vs affective and, not least, the trouble with looking for ‘differences' at all.
Talbot's emphasis, however, is on recent research. The last and largest section examines not gender difference but the construction and performance of gender in discourse. It includes new chapters outlining recent research on women's talk in public contexts and on language, gender and sexualities. The section as a whole reflects both the high degree of interest in mass media and popular culture found in recent language and gender research and the preoccupation with discourse and social change that is central to Critical Discourse Analysis.
The second edition of Language and Gender will become a key textbook for undergraduates and postgraduates in linguistics, sociolinguistics, cultural and media studies, gender studies and communication studies. The book is usable by students for whom it their first, or only, contact with sociolinguistics.
List of figures and tables.
Transcription Conventions. Part I Preliminaries: Airing Stereotypes and Early Models.
1 Language and gender.
About this book.
Linguistic sex differentiation.
Sex versus gender.
Sex and gender as troublesome dichotomies.
Why is language study important for feminism?
2 Talking proper.
Women, men and ‘Standard' English.
Sex, gender and voice quality.
3 Women's language' and 'man made language'.
'Man made language'.
Conclusion and lead-in to part II.
Further reading. Part II Interaction among Women and Men.
4 Telling stories.
A couple tell a story.
At the family dinner-table.
Generalizing from research findings.
Conversation as a genre.
The conversational division of labour.
Men's and women's interactional styles.
Equal but different?
6 Difference-and-dominance and beyond.
Deficit, dominance and difference.
The trouble with 'dominance'.
The trouble with 'difference'.
Beyond difference: the influence of poststructuralism.
Further reading. Part III Discourse and Gender: Construction and Performance.
7 Critical perspectives on gender identity.
Discourse and discourses.
Gender identity and subject positioning.
The discursive construction of maternity.
Examining constructions of gender identity.
Women and consumerism.
Multiple voices in magazines.
The voice of a friend.
Men as consumers.
9 New men and old boys.
Dominance and control.
The importance of being hetero.
Change and resistance.
10 Public talk.
Women and the public sphere.
Women in charge: dealing with the doublebind.
Media representations of working women.
11 Language, gender and sexuality.
Homosociality among male university students.
The sexual politics of consent.
Resisting heteronormative identities.
12 Reclaiming the language.
Modes of struggle.
Resistance and Contestation.
Struggles over access.
What is 'political correctness'?