This article reports on an exploratory study of Chinese EFL learners’ use of self-regulatory strategies for foreign language anxiety (FLA). A 31-item questionnaire was developed based on focus group interviews and theoretical input drawn from areas of research including learning strategy, self-regulated leaning, and cognitive therapy. A total of 753 non-English major undergraduate EFL learners from seven universities in central China participated in the study. Both an Exploratory Factor Analysis and a Confirmatory Factor Analysis were conducted to identify the specific categories of strategy while General Linear Model univariate procedures were performed to detect any difference in strategy use among the students of different FLA levels. Findings revealed that six categories of strategy were identified, with Cognitive Strategy, Metacognitive (Appraisal) Strategy, and Affective Strategy being favored by the students. FAL levels exerted a significant impact on the students’ strategy use. The low-anxiety group demonstrated significantly higher frequency in the use of all the six categories of strategy except Avoidance Strategy and Affective Strategy. The high- and mild-anxiety groups, in contrast, respectively used Avoidance Strategy and Affective Strategy most frequently. Based on these findings, practical implications for alleviating learners’ FLA in foreign language teaching are provided.
Coincidence and Counterfactuality: Plotting Time and Space in Narrative Fiction《巧合与反现实性——设计叙事小说中的情节和时间》构建了一个分析叙述情节中时间和空间的结构，这个结构主要由情节中巧合与反现实性构成，其目的不是减少情节中共时性的研究，而是加入历时性变量，以凸显叙事故事中的多样性。本书共分三部分：第一部分理论化叙事小说中的时间和空间。该部分从叙事小说的认知、本体论和空间安排探讨如何设计小说中的时间和空间结构。作者将本研究放置于历史背景下，重点分析有关巧合和反现实性情节安排的例子，介绍值得研究的文学文本。第二部分理论化巧合与反现实性。作者在该部分定义了巧合与反现实性的小说情节，加入跨学科的非文学研究讨论。第三部分追溯巧合与反现实性的情节安排在叙事小说中自文艺复兴时代至今的发展历史。