Heaton, J. B., & Han, Baocheng. (2000). Writing English language tests. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.
摘要：Writing English Language Tests is for all teachers who write tests of English, from the classroom teacher writing for a particular class to the test constructor writing for an examination board. It gives detailed guidance on how to write, administer and score test questions, and how to avoid the pitfalls, It outlines the general principles of language testing, and shows how different types of test questions can be applied to different language tests.
The new edition of this well-established title reflects reccent development in language testing techniques, and contains a more comprehensive selection of sample test items from current examinations and tests administered by the major exmining bodies.
Preface by Halliday 王宗炎序 导读 1 Introsuction to language testing 1.1 Testing and teaching 1.2 Why test? 1.3 What should te tested and to what standard 1.4 Testing the language skills 1.5 testing lanuage areas 1.6 Language skills and language elenents 1.7 Recogition and production 1.8 Problems of sampling 1.9 Avoiding traps for the students 2.Approaches to language testing 2.1 Background 2.2 The essay-translation approach 2.3 The structuralist apprach 2.4 The ingtegrative approach 2.5 The communicative approach 3. Objective testing 3.1 Subjective and objective testing 3.2 Objective tests 3.3 Multiple-choice items:general 3.4 Multiple-choice items:the stem/the correct option /the distractors 3.5 Writing the test 4. Tests of grammar and usage 4.1 Introsuction 4.2 Multiple-choice grammar items:item types 4.3 Constructing multiple-choice items 4.4 Consrtucing errot-recognition multiple-choice items …… 5. Testing vocbaulary 6. Listening comprehension rests 7. Oral production tests 8. Testin reading comprehension 9. Testing the writing skills 10.Criteria and rypes of tests 11. Interpreing test scores 文库索引