Despite the call for using assessment to promote effective learning, most language teachers remain underprepared to conduct classroom-based formative assessment and interpret the summative assessment information for improving instruction as well as learning. Drawing upon a survey of programme and government documents, interviews, student assessment tasks, and teaching evaluation, this paper aims to explore the overall language assessment training landscape in five Hong Kong teacher education institutions against the backdrop of assessment reforms in primary/secondary school contexts. It specifically attempts to investigate the extent to which two assessment courses may facilitate and/or inhibit the development of pre-service teachers’ language assessment literacy in one teacher education institution. Findings indicate that language assessment training in Hong Kong remains inadequate and selected language assessment courses are still unable to bridge the theory- practice gap within the assessment reform context. Implications and recommendations for promoting language assessment literacy are discussed.
XiaodongXu、QingrongChen、Klaus-UwePantherYichengWu，2017，Influence of Concessive and Causal Conjunctionson Pragmatic Processing: Online Measures from Eye Movements and Self-Paced Reading[J]，《》，0-0。 [ 详情摘要收藏取消收藏
In investigations of the second-language writing process the aim of interviews and questionnaireshas often been to find shared difficulties among them. However，in practice some writers are moresuccessful than others. The aim of this study is to examine how some writers succeed in masteringscientific discourse in English，in a non-English speaking environment. Interviews were conductedwith 13 Japanese researchers: 5 junior，5 middle-ranking and 3 established. The analysis focusesnot only on their difficulties，but also on their strategies to cope with them. Findings show that identificationof their audience may distinguish established researchers from others. Another distinguishingcharacteristic seems to be their learning strategies，and these can be divided into two sets. Thefirst set focuses on reading academic texts in their field (subject knowledge-oriented) to learn typicalwriting patterns. This practice was adopted by all. The second involves giving direct attention tomastering English speakers’ language use (language-oriented strategies)，but these were employedby only 2 junior and 3 established researchers. The majority seems to prefer simply to cope with theirlimited English，because of time constraints; however，efforts to adopt the second type would appearto pay off in the long run.
关键词：Writing and learning strategies; Scientific research articles; Japanese researchers
This article reports an empirical study that examined the pattern of test preparation for College English Test Band 4 (CET4) and the differential effects of test preparation practices on its scores, thereby drawing implications for CET4 score validity. Data collection involved 1,003 test takers of CET4. A pretest was administered at the beginning of a 2-month test preparation period; a posttest and a test preparation questionnaire were administered about 9 weeks later. Multiple regression and structural equation modeling were used in data analysis. The study found that test preparation pattern was better explained by the perceived functions of strategy use in improving test scores rather than the information processing mechanism underlying strategy use. Test preparation did improve test scores, but the effects were primarily from preparation practices via narrowing the curriculum, especially drilling. Although the effects were small in absolute terms, they represented almost one third of the effects from the pretest. Findings of this study suggest that the extrapolation validity of CET4 scores may warrant special attention in future validation studies.
Canagarajah, Suresh. (2016). TESOL as a Professional Community: A Half-Century of Pedagogy, Research, and Theory. TESOL Quarterly, 50(1), 7-41. [ 详情摘要关键词收藏取消收藏
This article reviews the developments in significant pedagogical and research domains in TESOL during the 50-year history of TESOL Quarterly. It situates these developments in the shift from a modernist to postmodern orientation in disciplinary discourses. The article also considers the changes in modes of knowledge dissemination in the journal by examining the changes in locations of research, authorship, article genres, and research methods. While there is an evolving diversity in the disciplinary discourses of TESOL that can appear to be a threat to the field’s coherence, the article argues that this diversity can contribute to a more plural knowledge base and constructive disciplinary growth for TESOL.
The present study longitudinally investigates the cognitive processes of advanced L2 learners engaged in a multimedia task that elicited status-equal and status-unequal refusals in English during their study abroad. Data were collected three times by retrospective verbal report from 20 Chinese learners who were studying abroad over the course of one academic year. The results revealed that the learners reported paying increasingly more attention to sociopragmatics in context when they responded to each situation of the task. Furthermore, the study showed the effect of study abroad on the learners’ perceptions of the factors affecting their pragmatic productions across the three phases. These effects were reflected by the decrease in pragmatic difficulties and the increase in pragmatic knowledge reported by the learners. This article demonstrates that using the retrospective verbal report at different points during learners’ study abroad allows the examination of the changes in the cognitive processes involved in L2 pragmatic production.
The globalisation of English has motivated the research into English as a lingua franca (ELF) and the debate concerning non-native English speakers’ (NNESs’) own English. Despite the scholarly justification of NNESs’ variations from native English, how users of non-native Englishes perceive their own English is crucial in the discussion of linguistic pluricentricity. This paper sets out to investigate Chinese speakers’ perceptions of their own English in order to offer insights into this issue. The findings reveal a positive sign of the consciousness of ELF in the participants’ language attitudes and indicate that further efforts are needed to raise awareness of the changing role of English in the on-going process of globalisation.